The Jatropha tree is often referred to as ‘the wonder tree’.
The tree is tenacious, grows rapidly and has an average lifespan of 40 years.
Jatropha trees are being planted around the world, for a wide variety of reasons.
• Can survive drought years
• The Jatropha is recognized as a CO2-quota tree.
• The leaves are toxic and therefore not destroyed by animals feeding of the sprouts
The Jatropha tree can be used to effectively stop the natural spreading of deserts and soil erosion. At the same time grass and plant-life will spread from where the trees are planted, because the trees retain water well and as such transforms dry and barren dirt into lush and sustainable agriculture.
• Retains water and creates fertility
• Can counteract the erosion of the soil
• The leaves from the Jatropha tree contributes to the top-soil (the top layer of soil)
The Jatropha trees can grow in places where most common crops cannot, thus the cultivation of Jatropha trees will not initially influence already existing agriculture and raise food prices. On the contrary it will, over time, provide greater opportunity to grow significantly more crops, as the soil around and amongst the Jatropha trees quickly becomes fertile.
• Lives well in soil with a low content of nourishment
• Needs none or very little irrigation
• Can live where most other crops are not able to
The Jatropha tree is already used around the world to produce biofuel from the nuts that grows on the tree. Nuts from Jatropha trees are very rich in oil, which can be used to generate electricity to villages and agriculture, as well as fuel for vehicles such as cars and tractors. It will not only be cheaper, but will also save the environment from a considerable amount of greenhouse gasses compared to using conventional fossil fuels like oil, gasoline and diesel.
• Can produce seeds and oil in areas with a minimum of precipitation
• Produces oil seeds and 3,5 kg of seeds makes one liter of biodiesel.
Leftover material from the nut is quite useful and can be serve as fertilizer, soap and even fodder. Furthermore extracts from the trees have for many years been used for various medicinal purposes by locals.
• The Jatropha tree has been used for medicine for many years locally. Several universities are studying the medicinal possibilities.
• The remain from the seeds can be used as organic fertilizer